Sharps Injury & Blood Borne Virus Transmission
Healthcare workers may acquire bloodborne pathogens, such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) via percutaneous injuries and mucosal exposures in their workplace. These infections may lead to adverse outcomes like liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). To prevent sharps injuries, we must observe standard precautions at all times and maintain proper work practices e.g. do not recap needles when performing medical procedures.