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 Occupational Medicine & Occupational Hygiene (English Only)

SARS epidemic in 2003 claimed six lives from our healthcare workers (HCW), who devoted themselves to fight against the disease and protect our community. As a lesson learnt from the tragedy, infection control and occupational health of HCW became an area of focus to safeguard HCW from occupational health hazards at work.

Occupational medicine is the branch of clinical medicine most active in the field of occupational health to identify and control significant and substantial risk factors that can contribute to ill health at work, and to advise employees on health issues.

Occupational hygiene is the science and practice devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of environmental factors or stresses arising in or from the workplace that may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort among workers and may also impact the general community.

The consortium of both, together with infection control practices, enhance staff health surveillance, job hazards recognition and identification, risk evaluations and control, and to protect healthcare workers from acquiring occupational infections in healthcare settings.

Occupational Medicine
Title Published Source
Recommendations for the Selection and Use of Respirators and Protective Clothing for Protection Against Biological Agents

April 2009 US CDC

Protecting Poultry Workers from Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) May 2008 US CDC

Workbook for Designing, Implementing, and Evaluating a Sharps Injury Prevention Program

2008 US CDC

Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL), 5th Edition

Recommendations on the Postexposure Management and Prophylaxis of Needlestick Injury or Mucosal Contact to HBV, HCV and HIV Sep 2007 Scientific Committee on AIDS and STI (SCAS), and Infection Control Branch, Centre for Health Protection,
Department of Health

Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in Correctional and Detention Facilities: Recommendations from CDC

July 2006 US CDC
Recommendations on Infection Control Practice for HIV Transmission in Health Care Settings Jan 2005 Scientific Committee on AIDS co-sponsored by the Hong Kong Advisory Council on AIDS and the Centre for Health Protection, Department of Health

The Basic Protocol - Infection Control Guidelines for the Dental Service, Department of Health 

Jan 2009 Dental Service, Department of Health
Eye Protection for Infection Control

Sep 2004 NIOSH
Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings

Dec 2003 US CDC, MMWR
Efficacy of ultraviolet irradiation in controlling the spread of tuberculosis

Oct 2002 US CDC, NIOSH
Prevention and Control of Occupational Infections In Health Care

Mar 2002 Public Health Agency of Canada
General Recommendations on Immunization: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

Feb 2002 US CDC
UK Guidance on Best Practice in Vaccine Administration Oct 2001 The Vaccine Administration TaskForce (UK)

Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV,HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis

Jun 2001 US CDC
A Comprehensive Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Hepatitis C Virus Infection and its Consequences 

Summer 2001 US CDC
NIOSH Alert: Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings

Nov 1999 NIOSH
Selecting, Evaluating, and Using Sharps Disposal Containers

Mar 1998 US CDC
Respirator Standards   National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)

OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard: CFR 1910.1030   OSHA

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Last Revision Date: 4 January 2018